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St James's Catholic Primary School

St James's Catholic Primary School

‘Put out into the deep’

What is Autistic Spectrum Condition? (ASC)

What is Autistic Spectrum Condition? (ASC)

 It is a lifelong, developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with and relates to other people, and how they experience the world around them. It is a lifelong condition, however, the extent to which it impacts on individuals varies and may change over time. Autism is described as a spectrum because the condition varies from person to person; some pupils also have accompanying learning difficulties, while others may have average or above average cognition. Everyone with the condition has difficulty with social interaction, communication, flexibility of thinking as well as sensory differences.


  • Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts.
  • Restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests, or activities.
  • Hyper- or hypo reactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment may also be present.
  • Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period (but may not become fully manifest until social demands exceed limited capacities or may be masked by learned strategies in later life).
  • Symptoms cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning.